Mediator of the New Covenant

Lesson 12

Lesson: Hebrews 12:14-15, 18-29
Devotional Reading: Hebrews 12:14-15, 18-29; Psalm 66:1-20

TIME: about A.D. 67                                PLACE: Unknown

MEMORY VERSE: "Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us have grace, whereby we may serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear: for our God is a consuming fire" (Hebrews 12:28-29).

Hebrews, one of the most important letters of the New Testament, stresses the superiority of the new covenant over the old. The book was written to Jewish Christians in an unknown
location who were perhaps considering a return to the Mosaic Law and its now obsolete rituals.
A keyword in the book is "better" ( cf. Heb 1:4; 6:9). Christ is presented as better than the angels, better than Moses, better than Joshua, and better than Aaron. Jesus offers "a better hope"
(7:19), "a better covenant" (8:6), and "a better resurrection" (11:35). To reject these truths was to put the readers on the shaky spiritual ground (6:4-6). The author was nevertheless hopeful
concerning them and declared, "We are persuaded better things of you" (vs. 9).
Concerning authorship, there is no agreement among Bible scholars. Like the ancient theologian, Origen, we must conclude that only God knows.

Hebrews 12:14-15, 18-29

15 Looking diligently lest any man fail of the grace of God;
lest any root of bitterness springing up trouble you, and
thereby many be defiled.
18 For ye are not come unto the mount that might be touched,
and that burned with fire, nor unto blackness, and darkness, and
19 And the sound of a trumpet, and the voice of words;
which voice they that heard intreated that the word should
not be spoken to them any more:
20 (For they cou]d not endure that which was commanded,
And if so much as a beast touch the mountain, it shall be stoned,
or thrust through with a dart:
21 And so terrible was the sight, that Mo'ses said, I
exceedingly fear and quake:)
22 But ye are come unto mount Si'on, and unto the city of the
living God, the heavenly Je-ru'sa-lem, and to an innumerable
company of angels,
23 To the general assembly and church of the firstborn,
which are written in heaven, and to God the Judge of all, and
to the spirits of just men made perfect,
24 And to Je'sus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the
blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than that of
25 See that ye refuse not him that speaketh. For if they
escaped not who refused him that spake on earth, much more
shall not we escape, if we turn away from him that speaketh
from heaven:
26 Whose voice then shook the earth: but now he hath
promised, saying, Yet once more I shake not the earth only, but
also heaven.
27 And this word, Yet once more, signifieth the removing
of those things that are shaken, as of things that are made,
that those things which cannot be shaken may remain.
28 Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved,
let us have grace, whereby we may serve God acceptably with
reverence and godly fear:
29 For our God is a consuming fire.